Costa Rica Biodiversity

Enjoy the Manuel Antonio biodiversity


Costa Rica Fauna

List of fauna observed in Palmas Pacifica:

Costa Rica deer animals biodiversity

Anyone who has traveled in the tropics in search of wildlife can tell you that disappointment comes easy, and often at considerable expense. But Costa Rica is one place that lives up to its world. You don't need to venture far to experience the nation’s full panoply of magnificent wildlife. Costa Rica is nature’s live theater where the actors aren’t shy. Here you can find all kind of creatures like the ones that mimic other things and are hard to find : insects that look like rotting leaves, moths that look like wasps, the giant Caligo memnon (cream owl) butterfly whose huge open wings resemble the wide-eye face of an owl, and the motted, bark colored machaca (lantern fly), which is partly to blame for Costa Rica’s soaring birthrate. According to the local folklore, if a girl is stung by a machaca, she must go to bed with his boyfriend within 24 hours or die. Here you can also see those animals your not likely to see, like the pumas, the jaguars and ocelots. With patience you can spot a group of monkeys, iguanas, quetzals, and three-toed sloths, that as one guidebook puts it, get most of its aerobic exercise by scratching their bellies.

The National Institute of Biodiversity ( INBIO ), a private, nonprofit organization formed in 1989 has been charged with the work of collecting, identifying, and labeling every plant and animal species in Costa Rica. The task is expected to be done in a time of ten years. This work was done before by the National Museum which only discovered from about 10 to 20 percent of the totality of the flora and fauna species in the country in a range of 100 years. Identifying the species is a prodigious task, which every day turns up something new. Costa Rica is home seasonally of more than 850 bird species -10% of all known in USA and Canada-. There are 5,000 different species of grasshopers, 160 known amphibians, 220 reptiles, and 10% of all known butterflies. This great quantity of species is because this region served as a "filter bridge" for the intermingling of species and the evolution of modern distinctive Costa Rican biota, a fairly recent amalgam as the isthmus has been in existence for only some three million years. This together with generous infusions of plants and animals from both continents has resulted in a proliferation of species that in many respects is vastly richer than the biota of either North or South America. But Costa Rica’s biota shares much with both.


Costa Rica Flora

List of flora observed in Palmas Pacifica:

Costa Rica Palmas Pacifica

With more than a quarter of Costa Rica´s total land area comprising of national parks, biological reserves and wildlife refuges, it is no wonder then that this country’s greatest national treasure is its plethora of natural diversity. This tiny Central American and Caribbean Coasts, Dry Tropical Forests on the North Pacific Coast, and Transitional Zone Forests on the Central Pacific Coast, few places on earth have so much diversity in such a small area. Each has their own unique traits and variety of plant and animal species.

Costa Rica Palmas Pacifica

Costa Rica’s flora is protected by a large system of national parks, which makes up for at least 20% of the country’s area. Thanks to these extensive protected areas, Costa Rica boasts more than 9,000 species of “higher plants”, and at least 800 species of ferns. There are many more species, some of which are widespread in the country, and some which are limited to an ecosystem or a particular area.

Costa Rica Palmas Pacifica

The tropical dry forests, which are rare and don’t contain many plants, have short, stocky trees (not more than 45 feet high). The beauty of this strange forest is clearly illustrated during the dry season (November- March), when meadow oaks and poro trees brag by substituting their leaves with beautiful flowers of all colors. During this season, the beige color of the tree trunks and shrubs contrasts with the pastel-colored flowers, that can be white, orange, purple and pink. Dry forests are much more endangered than the tropical rain forest, because of heavy deforestation in the Northern region of the country, where they are located.

The forests on the upper slopes of Costa Rica's mountains and volcanoes are frequently draped in mist and clouds. Algae, mosses and lichens get a foothold on the constantly wet surfaces, providing a places for orchids, bromeliads, ferns and innumerable other plants to cling to.The cloud forests of Costa Rica are some of the most beautiful. Covering the higher slopes of volcanoes and mountains all across the country, these amazing environs enchant with their mysterious fogs and thick growth of bromeliads, mosses and ferns. The cloud forest captures the imagination of even the most cynical among us. It emanates a sense of ancient and enduring life.

Costa Rica Palmas Pacifica

Rainforests are home to far more species than any of the world's other habitats. The variety and sheer volume of life in these forests is staggering. We have 850 species of birds in Costa Rica, which is more than all of North American combined! The symbiosis of bird, insect, plant and animal life is fascinating. This incredibly diverse ecosystem has more than half of all living organisms on Earth; in Costa Rica, there are as many species of flora as in all of Europe!     

Costa Rica offers an extraordinary abundance of flora, including some 9,000-plus species of "higher plants". It has more species than the whole North America and Mexico. As you can see, flora in Costa Rica is diverse, even for such a small country. This region, which measures as much as the state of West Virginia, is responsible for the preservation of many of the world’s endangered species of flora. Furthermore, it contains species that still haven’t been discovered, and that could lead to great scientific discoveries and to medical breakthroughs. The cure for cancer, AIDS or other diseases could be growing and waiting to be discovered, in one of Costa Rica’s many ecosystems.

Costa Rica Palmas Pacifica


List of organisms observed in Palmas Pacifica Property and surrounding, Quepos, Aguirre, Puntarenas.